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BRASS Business Guide - CITING BUSINESS SOURCES

Scope

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) is a popular citing style manual consulted by social sciences researchers.  The APA manual provides citing examples for many types of information sources; however, it offers little guidance on how to cite specific types of business information, such as financial statements, company and industry profiles, and datasets.  To address this, many business librarians have adapted existing APA guidelines to create sample citations for unique business sources.

This LibGuide provides direct links to those examples as well as to recent guidelines released through the APA Style Blog.  Examples are organized by type of source, including databases, government documents, graphics, datasets, and social media.  The citing examples vary depending upon individual interpretations of style guidelines and the resources (ex:  database holdings) available to specific institutions. 

Note:  While APA style is commonly used for citing business sources, there is no single generally accepted citing style for the business discipline.  In addition to APA, Harvard and Chicago styles are also commonly used to cite business sources.  See the "Other Citing Styles" tab of this LibGuide for examples.

6th vs. 7th Edition

Currently, the guide has information on both the 6th and 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. As the links to external sites are updated, the information in this guide will be updated accordingly. 

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